By Christy G. Turner II, Nicolai D. Ovodov, Olga V. Pavlova
The fruits of greater than a decade of fieldwork and comparable learn, this distinct publication makes use of analyses of perimortem taphonomy in Ice Age Siberia to suggest a brand new speculation for the peopling of the hot global. The authors current proof in keeping with examinations of greater than 9000 items of human and carnivore bone from 30 past due Pleistocene archaeological and palaeontological websites, together with cave and open destinations, which span greater than 2000 miles from the Ob River within the West to the ocean of Japan within the East. The saw bone harm signatures recommend that the normal prehistory of Siberia wishes revision and, specifically, that cave hyenas had an important impact at the lives of Ice Age Siberians. The findings are supported through greater than 250 pictures, which illustrate the bone harm defined and supply a precious perception into the context and panorama of the fieldwork for these unusual with Siberia.
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Extra resources for Animal Teeth and Human Tools A Taphonomic Odyssey in Ice Age Siberia
Kaschenko did something else of a pioneering nature for Siberia, if not the entire world of prehistoric research. He sealed in glass vials samples of charcoal that he found with the mammoth. Recently, these samples were discovered in Kaschenko’s personal effects. Radiocarbon dating was attempted. Remarkably, the assay indicated an age of 18 300 BP +/− 1000 years, almost exactly what was to be expected given artifact types and contextual considerations (S. Lechshinskiy, personal communication, June 27, 2002).
These hyena teeth of an animal estimated to be 15 years old illustrate the wear grade at which dentine is exposed but some degree of cusp anatomy remains. This photograph was taken to show that enamel thickness alone is not necessarily a strong indicator of diet. Hyena teeth actually have a rather thin layer of enamel, despite their bone-crushing dietary habit. Fanatic’s Cave (CGT color Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum 8-7-98:5). have scored embedding as a variable that we feel helps to identify the perimortem bone damage signature of large carnivores.
Middle row: 11 splinters (horizontal), ﬁve ﬂakes (vertical), one butt. Bottom row: one vertebra spine, one vertebra body, four ribs, one segment. Not shown are cracked open phalanx, and irregular shaped fragments (pelvis, scapula). Specimens mainly from Razboinich’ya Cave (CGT neg. IAE 7-6-00:1). 7 Damage type/shape (Fig. 11). , cores, ﬂakes, blades, etc. Terms like “spiral fracture” or “blown-out tooth socket” are valuable for identifying conditions, but they do not identify shapes. Try as we might, we were unable to develop a set of shapes that was not so generalized as to be useless.