Download Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria by Raphael Lefevre PDF

By Raphael Lefevre

While the convulsions of the Arab Spring first turned occur in Syria in March 2011, the Ba'athist regime was once fast accountable the protests at the "Syrian Muslim Brotherhood" and its "al-Qaeda affiliates." yet who're those Islamists so made up our minds to rule a post-Assad Syria?

Little has been released on militant Islam in Syria on the grounds that Hafez Assad's regime destroyed the Islamist stream in its stronghold of Hama in February 1982. This booklet bridges that hole through supplying readers with the 1st complete account of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's background to date.

In this ground-breaking account of Syria's such a lot well-known, but hugely secretive, Islamist agency, the writer attracts on formerly untapped assets: the memoirs of former Syrian jihadists; British and American records; and in addition a chain of wide-ranging interviews with the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood's historic leaders in addition to those that battled opposed to them--many talking at the list for the 1st time. Ashes of Hama uncovers the foremost elements of the Islamist fight: from the Brotherhood's radicalisation and its "jihad" opposed to the Ba'athist regime and next exile, to a astonishing comeback on the leading edge of the Syrian revolution in 2011--a amazing turnaround for an Islamist circulation which all analysts had suggested useless amid the ruins of Hama in 1982.

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Extra resources for Ashes of Hama: The Muslim Brotherhood in Syria

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The organization argued that, in order to face the cultural and socioeconomic challenges posed by the West, Egyptian Muslims had to restore vital values, taking as a starting point the original traditions found in Islam. The straightforwardness of the Islamic message was appealing to many as the Ikhwan’s constituency was largely made up of the educated middle class comprising professionals, civil servants, artisans and petty traders. 8 The Syrian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood Owing its name to its Egyptian sister, the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood was born out of the personal ties and shared intellectual sensibilities developed by Syrian Islamic scholars with Hassan al-Banna during their religious studies at Al-Azhar University in Cairo.

Besides playing up the issues of Palestine and the role of Islam in Syrian society, the Muslim Brotherhood also came to realize the importance of the so-called “social question” which had been raised in the early 1940s by the influential peasant leader Akram al-Hawrani. Throughout the 1940s and 1950s, the radical parties that emerged on Syria’s political scene all strove to emphasize their commitment to a fairer social bargain which would benefit the lower middle classes frustrated by a growing divide between Syria’s most privileged and the impoverished.

68 But these by-elections, lost by al-Sibai, also came to represent a turning point: they reflected the growing influence of the Ba’ath Party on Syria’s political life and marked the first open political confrontation between the two forces. Losing ground to the Ba’ath Party Created in 1940 as a reaction to the continued French presence in Syria, the Ba’ath Party was, at first, a purely intellectual movement emphasizing Syria’s nationalist struggle in pan-Arab terms. Led by the Christian Michel Aflaq and the Sunni Salah Eddine al-Bitar, it assumed a political nature only after the granting of independence when in 1946 it started to publish its newspaper, al-Ba’ath, and in 1947 held its first national congress.

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