By Dana M. Britton
While most folks think about prisons, they think chaos, violence, and essentially, an environment of overwhelming brute masculinity. yet genuine prisons infrequently healthy the “Big condominium” stereotype of well known movie and literature. One 5th of all correctional officials are ladies, and the speed at which ladies are imprisoned is starting to be quicker than that of guys. but, regardless of expanding numbers of girls prisoners and officials, principles approximately felony lifestyles and legal paintings are sill ruled via an exaggerated photograph of men’s prisons the place inmates supposedly fight for actual dominance.In an extraordinary comparative research of men’s and women’s prisons, Dana Britton identifies the standards that effect the gendering of the yankee place of work, a technique that regularly leaves ladies in lower-paying jobs with much less status and responsibility.In interviews with dozens of female and male officials in 5 prisons, Britton explains how gender shapes their daily paintings stories. Combining criminology, penology, and feminist conception, she bargains an intensive new argument for the endurance of gender inequality in prisons and different businesses. At paintings within the Iron Cage demonstrates the significance of the criminal as a domain of gender family in addition to social keep watch over.
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Extra info for At Work in the Iron Cage: The Prison as Gendered Organization
The states of the West lagged behind, though most eventually did operate such facilities. The South, partly as a result 32 | Penology in America of the legacy of the Civil War, adopted a somewhat different prison system, to be discussed in more detail later. Even so, women in female departments continued to suffer relative to their male counterparts; women’s quarters were the lowest priorities in state correctional budgets, and the facilities were invariably inferior to those provided for men (Rafter 1982, 1990).
Virginia and Kentucky were the first to do so in 1800, but all southern states, with the exception of the Carolinas, had built state prisons by the onset of the Civil War (Colvin 1997). Most housed relatively small populations of white male felons and free blacks. Women were incarcerated with men in these institutions, though their numbers were small; Rafter (1990), for example, counts a total of twenty-one white and three black women in the Tennessee state prison during the years 1831–1859. By law, offenses committed by slaves were subject to the discretion of slave owners.
I conclude in chapter 7 by bringing together the strands of the analysis to show how the prison, as an institution, is gendered in and through culture, structure, and agency. I then discuss what this analysis implies for the theoretical framework guiding this research and for processes of organizational change. 2 Penology in America Men’s and Women’s Prisons as Gendered Projects Prisons are such a common feature of the American landscape that they have come to seem natural, indeed, inevitable. But prisons did not exist in the United States or in Europe until about two hundred years ago.