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By M. Gustavson

This publication provides a finished evaluate of the literature on improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa, and demanding situations the notions of African public officers awarded there. It makes a speciality of public audit associations and gives wealthy empirical study effects, which contradicts many assumptions made within the literature on improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.

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Additional resources for Auditing Good Government in Africa: Public Sector Reform, Professional Norms and the Development Discourse

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Do they desire alternative solutions more appropriate to their local circumstances and culture, or do they find capacity constraints to be the main problem with reforms of foreign origin? Apart from a few exceptions, how the public sector in African countries today largely consists of professionals, which may influence their attitudes towards 29 30 Auditing Good Government in Afria reforms, as well as their actions, has largely been neglected in the development literature. Likewise, there is little discussion about other voluntary mechanisms – such as imitation, standards and standard-making organizations – which may impact African public-sector organizations.

97) and focuses his explanation on how missionaries claimed their moral superiority over Africans. The missionaries claimed to be saving Africans from their ancestor worship, as well as from the rest of their past and their culture. ’ In a similar vein, Bessis (2003) argues that European conquests in Africa have many times been morally justified by regarding colonization as a project to free the people from despotic traditional chiefs and the risk of slavery. As a result, few people in the Western world reacted to colonization and the many horrific crimes against humanity committed during The Dynamics of Public Sector Reform 37 this period; rather, it remained legitimate.

In societies where face to face relations and primary forms of reciprocity prevail, there is no need for external rules and impersonal authorities to enforce social action ... The abstract nature of the system underlying the ideal of a rational–legal type of bureaucracy is ignored in favor of the local-specific pressures and interests associated with individual communities. (Hyden 2006 p. 56) As the quotation by Hyden illustrates, at the expense of formal institutions, informal particularistic networks are said to have a large influence on the way African bureaucracies operate, including how decisions are made, contracting of projects and recruitment and career possibilities in the public sector, to mention a few common examples.

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