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By Michael Brown

The conflict of Bannockburn, fought at the fields south of Stirling at midsummer 1314, is the simplest identified occasion within the heritage of Medieval Scotland. It was once a special occasion. The conflict of 2 armies, every one led via a king, a transparent problem to a conflict to figure out the prestige of Scotland and its survival as a separate realm. As a key element within the Anglo-Scottish wars of the fourteenth century, the conflict has been broadly mentioned, yet Bannockburn used to be additionally a pivotal occasion within the historical past of the British Isles. This booklet analyses the line to Bannockburn, the crusade of 1314 and the aftermath of the struggle. It demonstrates that during either its context and legacy the conflict had a vital value within the shaping of countries and identities within the overdue Medieval British Isles.

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Extra resources for Bannockburn: The Scottish Wars and the British Isles (1307-1323)

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T. Gilbert, 2 vols (Rolls series, 1884–6), ii, 344. Duncan, ‘War of the Scots’, 135; The Chronicle of Walter of Guisborough, ed. H. T. Rothwell, Camden Society (London, 1957), 366–7; The Bruce, ed. Duncan, 86–93; M. Brown, The Wars of Scotland, 1214–1371 (Edinburgh, 2004), 197–201; Barrow, Robert Bruce, 146–54. For a discussion of Bruce’s supporters, see E. Barron, The Scottish Wars of Independence (reprinted New York, 1998), 224–35; Barrow, Robert Bruce, 154–60, 325–8; Duncan, ‘War of the Scots’, 137.

1833–4; v, no. 457. The Bruce, ed. , ii, nos 1777, 1780, 1785, 1812, 1829, 1833; v, nos 471(e), 472 (a, c, o); Scotichronicon, ed. Watt, vi, 323. Watson, Under the Hammer, 185. , ii, nos 1757, 1771, 1786, 1857, 1945. , ii, no. 1785; v, no. 446. For a list of landowners whose lands were threatened with forfeiture for their support of Bruce, see Documents Relating to the History of Scotland, ed. F. Palgrave (London, 1837) i, 301–18. Alan Durward and Alexander Murray, who were taken at Kildrummy, and David Inchmartin, John Somerville, Berrnard Mowat and numerous others captured at Methven were executed.

69 Like the Islesmen who agreed to follow Bruce, these Irish were probably serving in the hope of plunder and pay rather than any wider ideals. When the war was renewed in early 1307 it would stretch beyond the heartlands of the Scottish kingdom where the earlier fighting had taken place. The centre of military preparations for both sides lay on either side of the narrow seas separating Scotland and Ireland. 70 However, all such attempts had ended in defeat and, despite his success in retaining a body of supporters and securing the support of some new allies, Robert must have been aware of the difficulties he faced.

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