Download Bones and Cartilage. Developmental and Evolutionary Skeletal by Brian K. Hall PDF

By Brian K. Hall

Bones and Cartilage offers the main in-depth overview and synthesis assembled at the subject, throughout all vertebrates. It examines the functionality, improvement and evolution of bone and cartilage as tissues, organs and skeletal platforms. It describes how bone and cartilage enhance in embryos and are maintained in adults, how bone is repaired once we holiday a leg, or regenerates whilst a newt grows a brand new limb, or a lizard a brand new tail.

The moment version of Bones and Cartilage comprises the newest wisdom of molecular, mobile, developmental and evolutionary tactics, that are built-in to stipulate a unified self-discipline of developmental and evolutionary skeletal biology. also, assurance contains how the molecular and mobile elements of bones and cartilage range in several skeletal structures and throughout species, in addition to the newest stories and hypotheses of relationships among skeletal cells and the newest info on coupling among osteocytes and osteoclasts All chapters were revised and up-to-date to incorporate the newest learn.

  • Offers entire assurance of each point of bone and cartilage, with up to date references and large illustrations
  • Integrates improvement and evolution of the skeleton, in addition a synthesis of differentiation, progress and patterning
  • Treats all degrees from molecular to scientific, embryos to evolution, and covers all vertebrates in addition to invertebrate cartilages
  • Includes new chapters on evolutionary skeletal biology that spotlight common edition and variability, and version outdoor the norm (neomorphs, atavisms)
  • Updates hypotheses at the origination of cartilage utilizing new phylogenetic, mobile and genetic data
  • Covers stem cells in embryos and adults, together with mesenchymal stem cells and their use in genetic engineering of cartilage, and the concept that of the stem mobile niche

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Extra info for Bones and Cartilage. Developmental and Evolutionary Skeletal Biology

Sample text

10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. bone biologists. See Géraudie and Meunier (1982, 1984) for lungfish bone. See volumes 6 and 7 of Bone (Hall, 1990–1994) for bone growth. See Hall (2004d) for an evaluation of Arthur Ham’s contributions to skeletal biology. See de Ricqlès (1973, 1974, 1976), de Buffrènil et al. (1986, 1990) and de Ricqlès et al. (1990, 2000) for bone histology as indicator of metabolic state, Bennett and Dalzell (1973) and Desmond (1976) for warm-blooded dinosaurs, and Roy et al. (2004) for alteration in bone histology in response to phorphorous deficiency.

The insert shows osteoclasts (arrows) on the implanted bone. Modified from Glowacki et al. (1986). Hormones – especially estradiol-17␤ – and nutritional status are important elements in mobilization and/or utilization of Caϩϩ via scale resorption, as shown in juvenile and maturing rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, by Persson, who found tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-staining to be an effective marker for scale resorption. Estradiol-17␤ induces osteoclastic activity associated with the scales whose cells have the E2 estradiol receptor.

The insert shows osteoclasts (arrows) on the implanted bone. Modified from Glowacki et al. (1986). Hormones – especially estradiol-17␤ – and nutritional status are important elements in mobilization and/or utilization of Caϩϩ via scale resorption, as shown in juvenile and maturing rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, by Persson, who found tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)-staining to be an effective marker for scale resorption. Estradiol-17␤ induces osteoclastic activity associated with the scales whose cells have the E2 estradiol receptor.

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