By Fabio De Castro, K. Koonings, M. Wiesebron
This edited assortment translates and assesses the transformation of Brazil below the employees' celebration. It addresses the level of the alterations the staff' celebration has caused and examines how winning those were, in addition to how continuity and social switch in Brazil have affected key domain names of financial system, society, and politics.
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Additional resources for Brazil Under the Workers’ Party: Continuity and Change from Lula to Dilma
Long spells of exclusion from power have taught important lessons to the two main contending parties, the PT and the PSDB. For the PT, the lesson is to hang on to the presidency at all costs (even at the price of ideologically unwieldy coalitions) rather than to return to its backbench role of the 1990s. For the PSDB in the Dilma years, the lesson is likely to be to fight hard to retain subnational domains of power such as the governorships of São Paulo and Minas Gerais (which together are responsible for nearly half of Brazil’s GDP).
Notably, these are challenges not to the survival of democracy, but to the quality of democracy. Dilma is uniquely positioned to address these challenges: thanks to the achievements of her predecessors, no recent president has had a more favorable scenario in which to focus on persistent deficiencies of democratic quality. The democratic regime is secure for the present, but it cannot rest on its new laurels. The question for Dilma is whether she will continue to hoard political capital (for example, massive popularity and an oversized ruling coalition) as did her predecessor, or whether she will prove more willing to spend some of it on pressing social, political and economic reforms in the coming years.
Our analysis is based on an exploratory study conducted in 2010 in three policy sectors characterized by entirely different histories of state-society relations: (1) agrarian development, through the Ministry of Agrarian Development (Ministério do Desenvolvimento Agrário – MDA); urban policy, through the Ministry of Cities (Ministério das Cidades); and public security, through the National Secretariat of Public Security (Secretaria Nacional de Segurança Pública – SENASP). Each one is characterized by very different traditions of state-society interaction and underwent institutional changes under the Lula administrations that led to what, at least at first glance, looks like a similar outcome: the increased importance of formal participatory arenas, such as councils and conferences, in the policy-making process.