By Ciaran Brady, Jane Ohlmeyer
During this ebook top historians problem conventional perspectives in regards to the British conquest and colonization of eire throughout the 16th and 17th centuries. They display the contradictions, disappointments and screw ups, which attended the efforts of English and Scottish colonists. significantly, the British turned more and more conscious of the necessity to not spoil the assets they initially sought to use.
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Superfluous to the purpose, the decision to proceed by bill of attainder is even more remarkable when the less happy implications of the procedure, theoretical and practical, are considered. For, of itself, the attainder implied that there had in fact been a lineage of O’Neill enjoying political and tenurial rights under the law of England which, having been disgraced by the unnatural conduct of its most recent representative, Shane, was now to be extinguished forever. This seems decisive, but it is also more generous than it might appear: for in explicitly recognising a lineage of O’Neill, subjects of the English crown, the act seemed to concede that there had, after all, been something fundamentally valid in Shane’s claim for recognition as earl of Tyrone, something repeatedly denied to him in his lifetime.
3. Vincent Carey, Surviving the Tudors: The ‘wizard’ earl of Kildare and English rule in Ireland, 1537–1586 (Dublin, 2002) and Patrick Little, ‘The Geraldine ambitions of the first earl of Cork’, IHS, 23 (2002), pp. 151–68. 37 More interesting still, despite the tenurial upheavals and warfare of the mid-seventeenth century, many of these families re-emerged in the 1670s with their lands and local power relatively intact. For example, the active involvement of the Barnewalls of Trimleston in the Confederation of Kilkenny did not preclude their involvement in post-Restoration County Meath politics or prevent them from increasing their landed holdings (roughly 4,000 acres in Counties Meath, Dublin and Galway).
Yet the Old English MPs managed to thwart the government’s plans in 1613. Much to the king’s disgust and the embarrassment of Lord Deputy Chichester, they disrupted the opening session by disputing the legality of the Protestant majority and becoming involved in an unseemly scuffle to replace the government nominee for speaker with their own candidate, Sir John Everard. When Everard was ejected, the 51 52 For example, worried by the strategic threat that Catholic Ireland represented after 1624 as the English state mobilised for war against Spain, the government increased the English military presence there.