By Linda Colley
How was once nice Britain made? And what does it suggest to be British? This exceptional and seminal booklet examines how a extra cohesive British state was once invented after 1707 and the way this new nationwide identification was once nurtured via battle, faith, exchange, and empire. Lavishly illustrated and strong, Britons is still an enormous contribution to our realizing of Britain’s prior, and maintains to steer ongoing controversies approximately this polity’s survival and destiny. This variation includes an intensive new preface through the author.
“A sweeping survey, . . . evocatively illustrated and engagingly written.”—Harriet Ritvo, New York occasions e-book evaluate
“Challenging, attention-grabbing, greatly good informed.”—John Barrell, London assessment of Books
“Linda Colley writes with readability and grace...Her stimulating ebook could be, and merits to be influential”—E. P. Thompson, Dissent
Linda Colley is Shelby M. C. Davis 1958 Professor of historical past at Princeton University.
Winner of the Wolfson historical past Prize
A New York occasions Notable Book
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Additional resources for Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707-1837
These long-shafted weapons combined a cutting blade, thrusting spearhead and crushing spike into one multipurpose instrument. In theory these men acted as protectors for the bannerbearers, but they could be despatched to disrupt the flanks of the enemy and get amongst them once they had lost their order. Nevertheless, despite numerous mentions in the records for musters, there are no references to these men being used for anything other than adding to the weight of the pikemen during battles. There are, however, a number of accounts of small bodies of troops assembled for 'camisados' (night raids) and siege work giving up their cumbersome pikes for halberds or 'brown bills' - easier to wield and more effective in the confined spaces of fortifications and trenches.
According to Machiavelli, the sword and buckler, in the right hands, could be devastating, and he recommended that half the troops be armed in this way. His theory was ably demonstrated by the Spanish at Ravenna, where they caused havoc in the Landsknecht pike blocks by darting in and out of the ragged columns, outflanking the plodding pikemen and bringing them down in their hundreds. Patten recounts that the Scottish pikemen at Pinkie performed in a similar role against the English cavalry. The majority of blades were imported, and there was never a royal workshop established for the manufacture of swordblades as there was for guns.
The baggage trains stretched for miles along the line of march over unsurfaced roads, which became muddy and rutted in bad weather. F1: Lowland mounted infantryman The majority of troops brought their own mounts on campaign, but many were no more than pack animals for the carriage of food and fodder. This rider is suitably dressed against the bad weather, and carries a Jedwart stave as his primary weapon; note the disc and knuckle bow on the shaft to protect his hand in battle. F2: Baggage guard This young man assigned to protect the baggage train on the march typifies the recycling of armour that was commonplace among the burgh armouries.