By William T. Daniel
Career Behaviour and the eu Parliament seeks to reply to the query of ways a political establishment, comparable to the eu Parliament, can influence the profession pursuits and behaviours selected by means of eu politicians.
Long thought of a 'second order' legislature in its measure of political value and status, the eu Parliament is the one at once elected establishment in the ecu Union and is an more and more vital a part of the ecu legislative approach. utilizing a big new resource of quantitative information and interviews with greater than 50 present and previous ecu legislators, this publication argues that because the establishment has develop into more and more professionalized and strong, the volatility of its club has declined. even if, the pro goals of its individuals range significantly by way of nationwide historical past, resulting in an asymmetric distribution of legislative seniority and impression in the legislature. The ebook offers a brand new idea with political careers appearing as associations in themselves, and in addition bargains entire history info on all elected participants of the ecu Parliament, from 1979-2014.
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Extra info for Career Behaviour and the European Parliament: All Roads Lead Through Brussels?
Although the EP is frequently cited as a balm for the democratic deﬁcit within the EU, I suggest that the EP’s behaviour is less democratic than we might think. If institutional changes in the EP unevenly favour the development of lengthy careers by only a subset of MEPs, and these MEPs in turn wield a disproportionate amount of inﬂuence on the legislative process of the institution, then the link between voter preference and representative democracy may not be satisﬁed. Instead, the EP may be headed towards a ‘two-speed’ institution, where some voices are heard more clearly than others and the preferences of the European publics remain obfuscated.
In such a system, the EP simply becomes another legislature, complete with its own set of competencies and interests. Thus the politician inspired by Europe will likely focus their attention there. Parties, similarly, will already be accustomed to working across these multiple levels—or at least have a clearer idea of their existence. As opposed to unitary systems, we should expect to see not one set of politicians, shared across multiple ofﬁces, but rather separate sets of politicians, cultivating 25 Career Behaviour and the European Parliament around each constellation of government.
However, once a given party group has been awarded the report, it is less clear which MEP on the committee will be named as the rapporteur. Kaeding (2004) illustrates a general bias for the awarding of reports to the socalled ‘high demander’ legislators—chosen because of their lobbying connections, proﬁle in industry, or political characteristics. Conversely, Høyland (2006) ﬁnds a political bias in the awarding of rapporteurships to MEPs whose national party is currently in government, which he shows to be a way of alleviating information asymmetries and inefﬁciencies across the multiple EU institutions.