By Robert Thomas Lambdin, Laura Lambdin
To have a transparent realizing of Chaucer's Canterbury stories, the reader must find out about the vocations of the pilgrims. For a few six hundred years, this knowledge has been tricky to find. This reference presents an in depth ancient description of the occupations of Chaucer's pilgrims. An access is dedicated to every traveller, and the entries have related codecs to foster comparability. every one access discusses the ancient day-by-day regimen of the pilgrim's career, the portrayal of the career in Chaucer's poem, and the connection among the story and Chaucer's "General Prologue."
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Additional info for Chaucer's Pilgrims: An Historical Guide to the Pilgrims in The Canterbury Tales
Working in tandem, knights, squires, and yeomen—a term commonly applied to English archers who used the long bow—provided the solid core of England's military power throughout the Hundred Years' War and well beyond. The military importance of these three groups, as well as their interconnection and interdependence, is frequently attested in Middle English literature. The author of the fourteenth-century poem Wynnere and Wastoure, for example, identifies the three constituent groups in Wastoure's army as being "sadde men of armes" [knights], "Bolde sqwyeres of blode" [squires], "and bowmen many" [yeomen] (193-194).
Judging from the adjective "myghty," the bow the Yeoman is carrying would appear to be a long bow, a weapon originally introduced into England's military arsenal by Welsh archers. And while practicing with the long bow on England's village greens had become a common recreational activity of English youths during the fourteenth century, using the long bow for hunting would not have been common, nor would it have been practical, for the weapon was ill-suited to that purpose. And thus the Yeoman's mighty bow more properly belongs with his military tackle than with his hunting tackle.
In contrast to this apparently typical portrait of a squire, The Book of the Knight of La Tour-Landry tells the tale of a squire who appeared before a company of French noble persons wearing "a coat-hardy" (or "cote-hardie") ("a close-fitting garment with sleeves, formerly worn by both sexes" according to the OED), which was apparently common among the Germans. Two brothers who would not hesitate to correct in public someone they considered as a peer "asked him where was his fiddle or his rebec (ribible), or such an instrument as belongeth unto a ministrel" (quoted in Rickert 140).