By Michal Polák (auth.)
The conventional Marxian photograph of a two-class polarisation turns out some distance faraway from cutting-edge various society. Re-examining the very foundations of the Marxian idea within the approach, the writer argues that vital evaluations can fruitfully be understood and to complete the objective, he extends the conventional suggestions in cutting edge and unique ways.
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Extra resources for Class, Surplus, and the Division of Labour: A Post-Marxian Exploration
Nor is it enough to require that the contradictory exploitative relations occur ‘at the same time’, as it were. This would the case for a worker who happens to own some shares in a corporation (whether their own or another one makes no difference). Such a worker might, of course, have contradictory interests, in a sense. But although their position may in real life appear to be a ‘middle-class’ one, in case sufﬁcient income is generated from these shares, it is not really this sort of position that was problematic to begin with.
First of all, Wright has moved on from the simple two-part analysis of ownership found in Poulantzas. 3 But, most importantly, what is clear is that there is now almost no reason to call the class locations in question ‘contradictory’. If we leave aside the rhetorical mention of ‘occupying a capitalist/workingclass location’ in the above quote, there is nothing in the description of the actual actions of the managers that would cause them to entertain any actually contradictory interests. The fact that they may hire and ﬁre while themselves capable of being hired and ﬁred, for example, puts them at best into the middle of some sort of hierarchy; however, there is nothing inherently contradictory about such a position.
64–74). While these developments refer to quite different aspects of the overall social reproductive activity, it is quite clear that they all depend crucially on the gradual differentiation of tasks and increased specialisation. Taking the reasons described in turn: the loss of control over the labour process by workers, as conceived by Marxism, means that such control comes to be exercised by someone else, in early capitalism in particular by the capitalist class; this becomes one of the functions that is inherent in capital understood as a social relation.