By Andrew D. M. Beaumont
Ambitious males of Modest Means examines the governance of British the United States within the interval sooner than the yankee Revolution. Focusing upon the profession of George Montagu Dunk, moment Earl of Halifax and primary Lord of the Board of alternate & Plantations (1716-1771), it explores colonial planners and policy-makers through the political hiatus among the age of Walpole and the following age of imperial drawback. As bold metropolitan politicians vied for ministerial dominance, Halifax's board performed a necessary function in shaping British perceptions of its transforming into empire. A repository of data and intelligence, the board provided Halifax the chance to set up his personal area of interest curiosity, for the nice of the empire and himself alike.
Challenging the view that Britain's angle in the direction of its American colonies was once considered one of lack of awareness compounded by means of complacency, this learn explores these charged at once with governing the United States, from the imperial centre to its westward peripheries: the governors entrusted with conserving the royal prerogative, and enforcing reform. among 1748 and 1761, Halifax sought to reform the the US from a motley collection of territories into an ordered, uniform asset of the imperial geographical region. Exploring the governors themselves unearths a posh, smooth community and private loyalties, certain jointly via mutual self-interest below Halifax's leadership.
Confronted through the Seven Years' battle, Halifax observed his plans and fans burn up within the face of worldwide clash, the result of which verified British the United States, and likewise sowed the seeds of its eventual destruction in 1776.
Long overshadowed via the stated 'great males' of his age, this examine restores Halifax and his curiosity to its rightful position as an important impression upon significant old occasions, illustrating his grand, difficult imaginative and prescient for another British the USA that by no means was once.
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Extra info for Colonial America and the Earl of Halifax, 1748-1761
Of those whose colleges are recorded, ﬁfteen entered Trinity, nearly double that of the next highest (Sidney, then King’s). Alumni Cantabrigiensis: a biographical list of all known students, graduates and holders of ofﬁce at the University of Cambridge, from the earliest times to 1900; Part I. From the earliest times to 1751 (1922–54), iii: 200–2. 39 Gibbon, Memoirs of My Life, 50. 40 The number of plebeians entering Oxford and Cambridge had already fallen signiﬁcantly by 1733, and continued to decline throughout the century.
Archer, in Hans, New Trends in Education in the Eighteenth Century, 42. 44 Christopher Wordsworth, Social Life at the English Universities in the Eighteenth Century (1874). 45 Geoffrey Holmes, Augustan England: Professions, State and Society, 1680–1730 (1982), 41. 46 Daniel Waterland, Advice to a Young Student (1739). 47 Hans, New Trends in Education in the Eighteenth Century, 49–50. 52 And clearly, ambitious. The élite social and professional networking of the schoolyard continued into Halifax’s college years.
57 See Richard Drayton, Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the ‘Improvement’ of the World (2000). 58 Quoted in Thomas W. Perry, Public Opinion, Propaganda, and Politics in Eighteenthcentury England: A Study of the Jew Bill of 1753 (1962), 185. 59 Many aspects of eighteenth-century life associated with the culture of politeness—education, travel, patronage of the arts and sciences, or philanthropy—emphasized in differing but interconnected ways the necessity of social morality as a symbiotic goal of the pursuit of self-improvement.