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By Barry Godfrey, Clive Emsley, Graeme Dunstall, Martin Wiener

This e-book goals to either replicate and take ahead present considering on comparative and cross-national and cross-cultural elements of the background of crime. Its content material is wide-ranging: a few chapters talk about the price of comparative techniques in helping figuring out of comparative historical past, and delivering learn instructions for the longer term; others tackle substantive matters and issues that might be of curiosity to these with pursuits in either background and criminology. total the publication goals to develop the point of interest of the historic context of crime and policing to take fuller account of cross-national and cross-cultural elements.

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C. ‘Crime, authority and the policeman-state’, in Thompson, F. M. L. ), The Cambridge Social History of Britain 1750–1950, Volume 3, Social Agencies and Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Gattrell, V. A. C. The Hanging Tree: Execution and the English People 1770–1868. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. , Loader, I. and Sparks, R. Crime and Social Change in Middle England: Questions of Order in an English Town. London: Routledge, 2000. Godfrey, B. ‘Counting and accounting for the decline in non-lethal violence in violence in England, Australia and New Zealand, 1880–1920’, British Journal of Criminology, 43, 2, 2003, pp.

The Formation of the National States in Western Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1975. Beck, U. Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity, trans. M. Ritter. London: Sage, 1992. Bedani, G. and Haddock, B. (eds) The Politics of Italian National Identity. A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2000. Beirne, P. and Nelkin, D. Issues in Comparative Criminology. Aldershot: Dartmouth, 1983. Belich, J. Making Peoples: A History of New Zealanders from Polynesian Settlement to the End of the Nineteenth Century.

Daly and Wilson, for example, are expressly comparative and wide ranging, using statistical studies from medieval England, modern US cities and tribal groups in Africa, the Americas and Asia (Daly and Wilson, 37 Comparative Histories of Crime 1988: 35, 147–8). While making some allowance for cultural impacts upon variability in violence rates, the emphasis in their approach is to show similarity across time and space (Daly and Wilson, 1988: 152–61, 284–91). Psychology has also influenced interpretations of the phenomenon of violence and – to varying degrees – has tended toward universalising it.

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