By Gerald D. Mahan
Condensed subject in a Nutshell is the main concise, obtainable, and self-contained advent to this interesting and state of the art quarter of recent physics. This optimal textbook covers the entire general themes, together with crystal buildings, power bands, phonons, optical houses, ferroelectricity, superconductivity, and magnetism. It contains in-depth discussions of shipping concept, nanoscience, and semiconductors, and likewise beneficial properties the newest experimental advances during this fast-developing box, corresponding to high-temperature superconductivity, the quantum corridor influence, graphene, nanotubes, localization, Hubbard versions, density practical conception, phonon focusing, and Kapitza resistance. wealthy intimately and entire of examples and difficulties, this textbook is the total source for a two-semester graduate path in condensed subject and fabric physics.
- Covers ordinary themes like crystal constructions, strength bands, and phonons
- Features the most recent advances like high-temperature superconductivity and more
- Full of instructive examples and demanding problems
- Solutions guide (available basically to teachers)
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Additional info for Condensed Matter in a Nutshell
I \ / \ ''\ \ Amorphous Ge 110/>\0'\ 1 ( 1 )( \ \¡ \ I '\ '- ____..... 1 l... ¡\ /'-.... '\/ / / ----- ) ,,,__/ _ _..... y _ / / / 1 I I / / / / / _ ..... 9 . (a) EXAFS spectra of crystalline (spectrum a) and amorphous (spectrum b) germanium. From Sayers, Stern, and Lytle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1204 (1971). Used with permission ofthe American Physical Society. (b) Real space drawing of an outgoing electron wave scattering from a neighboring atom, and scattering back to the original atom.
The hexagonal close-packed lattice is denoted hcp. It is one of the two structures (the other is fcc) that provide the closest packing of spheres. 7. (a) The Wigner-Seitz cell for bcc, and (b) the BZ for bcc. shown in fig . 8. The closest packing of spheres in aplane is the pt structure. ayer. ayer also has the pt structure. The spheres sit in the hale created by the vertex of three spheres in the first leve!. Cal! ayer B. There are two choices for B, since there are two possible vertices . ayer also has two choices: l.
The center of the BZ, at k == O, is always called the r point. These symmetry labels will show up in later chapters on energy bands. • The diamond lattice has two carbon atoms per unit cell. The lattice structure is fcc. One carbon is found at the corners and faces of the cube. The second carbon is found at a tetrahedral position equidistant from four carbons: one is found at T == a(lll) /4. Inside the cu be of volume a 3 there are eight such tetrahedral si tes, and four are occupied. The volume of the unit cell is Q0 == a 3/ 4.