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By Vivien Stern

Vivien Stern explains the forces dictating the form and course of crime styles and legal justice responses globally, arguing that many rules being pursued this day, together with the so-called warfare on medicines and financial guidelines that bring up inequality, are literally developing crimes. She argues convincingly that the way in which ahead isn't harsher prisons or letting advertisement enterprises generate income out of privatized prisons. in its place, a brand new legal justice schedule should still contain minimum use of the felony justice method, with policing responsible to neighborhood groups, imprisonment as a final inn, morally educative consequences that profit sufferers instead of simply punishing the perpetrators, and a renewed emphasis on social justice and monetary improvement that advantages each person.

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Extra info for Creating Criminals: Prisons and People in a Market Society (Global Issues Series)

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91 In the United States being an ex-prisoner is a particularly difficult status. It is estimated that 630,000 people leave US prisons Stern 01 14/3/06  9:45 pm Page 44 Creating Criminals every year. Wherever they return to, they face barriers to taking up their lives again. A criminal record prevents them from taking up many jobs. In 14 states almost all criminal convictions are listed on the Internet for anyone to see. Some states ban people with certain convictions from public housing. 92 Many states – Florida is one of them – have laws that prevent people convicted of felonies (more serious crimes) from voting, sometimes for a few years and sometimes for life.

The United States is the richest country in the world. Yet in the prisons of the United States gross abuses are also to be found. In early March 2004 an inquiry was launched into an incident in a prison in California to determine whether the guards there were guilty of criminal negligence. Ronald Herrera was a prisoner who because of his conviction for rape was held away from other prisoners in a segregation unit in Corcoran prison. He had hepatitis and kidney disease, so needed to Stern 01 14/3/06 9:45 pm Page 21 Behind the Bars: the Injustice of Prison  be connected regularly to a dialysis machine.

Prisoners in control units … spend 23 hours a day or more in 8-by10 foot cells with one frosted window in the shape of a slit. 51 The conditions are so extreme that many prisoners lose their reason and begin to ‘smear feces on cell walls, or on themselves’. ‘Others take to storing their own body wastes and blood, and fashioning them into projectiles that they throw through the meals slots at guards’. The researcher discovered that prisoners found these actions ‘a particularly satisfying form of resistance’: perhaps, she suggested, because the guards are put in fear by the possibility of being infected with AIDS, hepatitis or other infectious diseases.

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