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By Tim Heaton, Tony Lawson

This article bargains a dependent and balanced survey of advancements within the sociology of crime and deviance. It integrates research of key reports and theoretical debates with numerous actions designed to assist scholars strengthen their sociological knowing and abilities. suggestion is usually given on find out how to procedure exam questions.

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Sutherland (1949) defined white-collar crime as crime committed by people of respectability and high social status in the course of their employment. Sutherland's definition is not without its problems though. Croall (1993) suggests that his definition is too narrow as it only includes offending by those in high-status occupational positions. She therefore offers a broader definition: 'crime committed in the course of legitimate employment involving the abuse of an occupational role'. , 1995). As Taylor et al.

Identify two ways in which the BCS findings differ from the police records. 5. How might sociologists use the information in Item L to criticise the official crime statistics. Crime Statistics 35 Who is at risk of crime? The BCS provides information on the proportion of victims of different types of crime. Such data also identifies who is most at risk of crime in terms of factors such as age and place of residence. , 1978). Such thinking has been subject to heavy criticism, notably for its tendency to blame the victim (Walklate, 1994).

Consumers can be defrauded by short weight or counterfeit goods; they can be poisoned by badly prepared or mouldy food; they can be harmed by unsafe products; they may pay for goods that are falsely described or are of lower quality. • Workers may be placed in unsafe working conditions or paid less than they should be. • The public can be harmed by breathing in 'something' in the air. • Investors may lose their savings through financial fraud. • Passengers or drivers are at risk from 'accidents' caused by avoidable inattention to routine safety regulations.

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