By Steven J. Zaloga
In 1945, together with her fleet destroyed and her armies crushed, the single factor that stood among Japan and an Allied invasion used to be the various coastal defence positions that surrounded the islands. this can be the 1st booklet to take a close examine the japanese domestic island fortifications that have been built in the course of 1941-45. using diagrams, in particular commissioned paintings, and assets formerly unavailable in English, Steven Zaloga examines those defences within the context of a potential Allied invasion, developing a number of arguments for one of many maximum 'what if' eventualities of global conflict II, and supporting to give an explanation for why the american citizens made up our minds to head forward with a nuclear choice.
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Extra info for Defense of Japan: 1945
32nd Attack Group 7. Kawatana Attack Group 8. 31st Attack Group 9. 34th Attack Group 10. 36th Attack Group 11. com Although much of the coastal artillery consisted of fixed pedestal guns, field artillery was used to reinforce the coastal defenses in 1945. This is a 10cm Type 92 (1932) gun in a concrete shelter on Biro-jima off the eastern Kyushu coast. (NARA) believed that Japanese strength on invasion day would be six divisions and a total Japanese force of 229,000 men. A reassessment in July 1945 came to the alarming conclusion that US force advantages were falling from 3:1 to 1:1, which was likely to lead to extremely high American casualties.
The campaigns in early 1945 served only to reinforce the need to accelerate the Ketsu-Go plan. On February 19, US forces landed on Japanese soil for the first time on Iwo Jima in the Bonin Islands, yet another step closer to the Home Islands. A frightening new phase of the B-29 attacks was unleashed on the night of March 9/10 when the bombing tactics switched from high-altitude daylight raids to low-altitude night raids. The ensuing firestorm killed about E AIRFIELD REINFORCED CONCRETE HANGAR, 302ND NAVAL AIR GROUP, ATSUGI NAVAL AIRBASE Japanese naval airbases incorporated steel-reinforced concrete shelters for their aircraft so long as material was available.
Owing to the mountainous conditions on Kyushu, Japanese armored strength was limited. Three armored brigades were committed to the 16th Area Army as counterattack forces, and these are Type 3 Chi-Nu medium tanks from the 4th Armored Brigade near Fukuoka at the end of the war, the best Japanese tank in widespread distribution in 1945. com THE SITES IN BATTLE The US plan in the spring of 1945 was to launch a two-pronged assault on the Home Islands. The first amphibious landing, Operation Olympic, would hit southern Kyushu on “X-Day,” November 1, 1945 with 14 divisions.