By Ethan Scheiner
Regardless of its democratic constitution, Japan's govt has been ruled via a unmarried celebration, the Liberal Democratic celebration (LDP) due to the fact 1955. This ebook deals a proof for why, even within the face of significant dissatisfaction with the LDP, no competition get together has been in a position to supply itself as a reputable challenger in Japan. figuring out such failure is critical for plenty of purposes, from its impact on jap fiscal coverage to its implications for what allows democratic responsiveness extra commonly. The valuable factors for competition failure in Japan concentrate on the country's tradition and electoral approach.
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Extra resources for Democracy without Competition in Japan: Opposition Failure in a One-Party Dominant State
However, where politics are clientelistic and local governmental fiscal flexibility and autonomy are low, opposition parties ought to be extremely limited in their ability to win control of local governments and therefore to experiment widely in policymaking. Indeed, even if they were to win, the challengers’ policy goals could very easily be held in check by the central government’s ability to withhold funding. Programmatic claims and promises by local politicians would hold relatively little credibility.
Through subnational governments, voters are provided a way to get what they want at the local level. Moreover, where subnational governments maintain their own reliable financial bases, they need not worry that their local governments will suffer for being a different partisan makeup from the central government. In these cases, parties that are strong at the national level ought to have no inherent advantage in local-level elections. A party’s proportion of the vote ought to be roughly the same in both national and local elections, as there is relatively little incentive to vote for the party ruling at the national level simply to ensure a stream of central governmental benefits.
P1: JYD 0521846927c02 CUNY017B/Scheiner 0 521 84692 7 July 5, 2005 10:23 2 Opposition Failure in Japan Background and Explanations It looked like the end of business as usual in Japan as the ruling Liberal Democratic Party lost power in 1993. After the Diet, Japan’s parliament, passed a no-confidence motion and new elections were held, a coalition of former opposition parties, former LDP members, and new parties entered into the first non-LDP government since the party was created in 1955. However, by summer 1994, the LDP was the leading party in a coalition government.