By Stephanie D. Davis, Ernst Eber, Anastassios C. Koumbourlis
Over the earlier twenty years, diagnostic checks for pediatric pulmonologists have revolutionized care of kids stricken with respiration problems. those exams were used not to basically assist in prognosis, but additionally within the administration and remedy of those little ones. Bronchoscopic, imaging and physiologic advances have greater medical care of those kids and feature been used as end result measures in learn trials. Diagnostic checks in Pediatric Pulmonology: functions and Interpretation describes many of the diagnostic modalities (especially the more recent ones) which are to be had for the overview of pediatric respiration problems. It additionally offers an knowing of the benefits and barriers of every try in order that the clinician may possibly decide on the main acceptable ones. An across the world well known staff of authors describe how most sensible to interpret the foremost findings in quite a few assessments in addition to the prospective pitfalls in unsuitable interpretation. This quantity specializes in the most diagnostic modalities utilized in the assessment of pediatric sufferers with breathing problems and offers up to date details at the merits and boundaries of every try for various stipulations encountered within the perform of pediatric pulmonology. scientific application of those exams can also be highlighted. This precious source is definitely suited for working towards clinicians, together with pediatric pulmonologists, pediatricians and first care practitioners, in addition to trainees, respiration therapists and scientific researchers.
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Additional resources for Diagnostic Tests in Pediatric Pulmonology: Applications and Interpretation
1). Normal values of BALF lymphocyte subsets in children resemble those found in healthy adults, except for the CD4/CD8 ratio, which is often lower in children, possibly because children frequently suffer from viral infections [7, 8]. 3). Surfactant phospholipid concentrations are higher in 3–8 year old than in older children, whereas surfactant protein concentrations are independent of the child’s age. Indications for Bronchoalveolar Lavage BAL is performed for diagnostic, therapeutic and research applications.
Types of Stents There are several different types of stents with their respective advantages and disadvantages, different methods of insertion, and varying requirements for follow-up and management. A plethora of stents have been used in the airways. They can be divided into four major groups. 1. Polymer stents (Dumon, Polyflex) 2. Mettalic stents Balloon expandable (Palmaz) Self-expanding (Wallstent) 3. Covered Mettalic stents 4. Hybrid Stents Stents can also be grouped based on indication, insertion technique, anatomical location or whether removable or not .
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2002;35:303–8. 15. Farrell S, McMaster C, Gibson D, Shields MD, McCallion WA. Pepsin in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid: a specific and sensitive method of diagnosing gastro-oesophageal reflux-related pulmonary aspiration. J Pediatr Surg. 2006;41:289–93. 16. Knauer-Fischer S, Ratjen F. Lipid-laden macrophages in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as a marker for pulmonary aspiration. Pediatr Pulmonol. 1999;27:419–22. 17. Ding Y, Simpson PM, Schellhase DE, Tryka AF, Ding L, Parham DM.