Download Proof Theory: Sequent Calculi and Related Formalisms by Katalin Bimbo PDF

By Katalin Bimbo

Although sequent calculi represent a massive classification of facts structures, they aren't to boot often called axiomatic and common deduction platforms. Addressing this deficiency, Proof conception: Sequent Calculi and similar Formalisms provides a accomplished therapy of sequent calculi, together with a variety of diversifications. It makes a speciality of sequent calculi for varied non-classical logics, from intuitionistic good judgment to relevance common sense, linear common sense, and modal logic.

In the 1st chapters, the writer emphasizes classical good judgment and numerous varied sequent calculi for classical and intuitionistic logics. She then offers different non-classical logics and meta-logical effects, together with decidability effects got particularly utilizing sequent calculus formalizations of logics.

The ebook is appropriate for a large viewers and will be utilized in complex undergraduate or graduate classes. computing device scientists will become aware of exciting connections among sequent calculi and backbone in addition to among sequent calculi and typed platforms. these drawn to the confident process will locate formalizations of intuitionistic common sense and calculi for linear good judgment. Mathematicians and philosophers will welcome the remedy of quite a number adaptations on calculi for classical good judgment. Philosophical logicians can be attracted to the calculi for relevance logics whereas linguists will have fun with the specified presentation of Lambek calculi and their extensions.

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Additional info for Proof Theory: Sequent Calculi and Related Formalisms

Example text

8. , a wff, that is provable in one but not in the other system. ] As a last remark concerning certain peculiarities of LK , let us note a discrepancy in the formulation of the two-premise rules. The ( ∧) and (∨ ) rules assume that the two premises are identical except A and B . On the other hand, the (⊃ ) rule does not prescribe that Γ and Θ , or Δ and Λ are the same. The rule could have been formulated instead as follows. Γ Δ, A B, Γ Γ, A ⊃ B Δ Δ ⊃ e We switched A ⊃ B to the other edge in the antecedent (in view of our previous complaint related to typing), but the main difference is that now A and B must be proved in the same sequents, though on different sides of the turnstile.

Conversely, prove that if the left introduction rule for ⊃ is (⊃ e ) , then (⊃ ) is derivable (when the rest of LK is kept unchanged). We listed some features of the original formulation of LK that later turned out to be puzzling, undesirable or suboptimal. To further motivate our formulation of the cut rule, let us consider the sequent calculus again as a system to reason about inferences. The right premise of the cut rule says that Λ can be derived from Θ1 , C , Θ2 . If from Γ the formula C is derivable within Δ1 and Δ2 (as given by the left premise), then placing Γ in the spot where C is (that is, starting with Θ1 , Γ , Θ2 ), should suffice for the derivation of Λ within Δ1 and Δ2 (that is, Δ1 , Λ, Δ2 ).

Classical first-order logic 37 the principal formula p . Accordingly, there are four subcases. ) (a) (id), (id) . The proof tree is of the form given on the left below. We can transform the proof by retaining one of the premises, as shown on the right. p p p p cut p p p p (b) (id) , ( K ) . The proof given and the proof after the transformation are as follows. The justification is exactly the same as for the proof tree rooted in the right premise of the cut. . Γ Δ . K Γ Δ p p p, Γ Δ cut K p, Γ Δ p, Γ Δ (c) ( K ), (id) .

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