By Kristin B. Highland MD MSCR
This factor brilliantly pairs a rheumatologist with a pulmonologist to discover all the 14 article topics. themes contain autoantibody checking out, ultility of bronchoalveolar lavage in autoimmune affliction, and pulmonary manifestations of such stipulations as scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's Syndrome, Inflammatory Myopathies, and Relapsing Polychondritis. The pulmonary vasculitities are mentioned, as is antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, ankylosing spondylitis, and the effect of osteoporosis on pulmonary fuction. Toxicity and tracking of immunosuppressive remedy utilized in systemic autoimmune ailments is reviewed, as is lung transplantation in autoimmune illnesses.
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This factor brilliantly pairs a rheumatologist with a pulmonologist to discover all of the 14 article topics. themes contain autoantibody checking out, ultility of bronchoalveolar lavage in autoimmune sickness, and pulmonary manifestations of such stipulations as scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, Sjogren's Syndrome, Inflammatory Myopathies, and Relapsing Polychondritis.
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Extra resources for Pulmonary Manifestations of Rheumatic Disease, An Issue of Clinics in Chest Medicine (The Clinics: Internal Medicine)
Ascending vertically in the lung, arterial (PPA) and pulmonary venous (PPV) pressures decline relative to alveolar pressure (PA), which remains uniform throughout the lung. In both zones I and II, PA exceeds PPV during balloon occlusion, collapsing alveolar vessels. , zone III). indd 29 29 vertically because regional vascular pressures within the lung are affected by gravity, unlike the uniform gas pressure within the alveoli. In zone I, near the apex of the upright lung, alveolar pressure exceeds both PPA and pulmonary venous pressure, flattens alveolar capillaries, and stops the flow.
Pericardiocentesis must not be undertaken by inexperienced personnel or in an inappropriate environment. Needle aspiration should be conducted whenever possible in the cardiac catheterization suite by an experienced cardiologist, using fluoroscopic and needle electrode ECG guidance. Complications include coronary laceration, pneumothorax, myocardial injury, and life-threatening arrhythmias. Subxiphoid pericardiotomy can be performed safely under local anesthesia in certain critically ill patients.
Pericardial effusion: Haemodynamic spectrum. Heart (British Cardiac Society). 2004;90(3):255–256. Sheehan F, Redington A. The right ventricle: Anatomy, physiology and clinical imaging. Heart. 2008;94(11):1510–1515. 8/8/2009 6:53:41 PM CHAPTER 2 Hemodynamic Monitoring KEY POINTS 1 Arterial blood pressure monitoring is an invaluable aid to the management of patients with hemodynamic instability, respiratory compromise, or brain injury and should be strongly considered in those who are in need of frequent BP or arterial blood gas assessment.