By Thomas A. Brown MD
Get the main out of your research time, and adventure a practical USMLE simulation, with swift assessment body structure, second version, by means of Dr. Thomas A. Brown. This new reference within the hugely rated swift overview sequence is formatted as a bulleted define with medical photographs, tables and figures that make it effortless to check all of the body structure info you want to be aware of for the USMLE. And with scholar seek advice on-line entry, you could familiarize yourself with the appear and feel of the particular examination by means of taking a timed or a tradition on-line attempt that incorporates 350 USMLE-style questions.
- Review the most up-tp-date details with thoroughly up-to-date chapters, pictures, and questions.
- Profit from the information of sequence editor Dr. Edward Goljan, a well known writer of scientific overview books, who reviewed and edited each question.
- Take a timed or a convention try out on-line with greater than 350 USMLE-style questions and entire rationales for why each attainable resolution is correct or unsuitable.
- Access the entire info you want to be aware of speedy and simply with a ordinary, two-color define layout that incorporates High-Yield Margin Notes.
- Study and take notes extra simply with the hot, higher web page size.
- This version completely up-to-date, together with pupil and resident reviewer suggestions to make sure relevancy and focus.
- Practice with a brand new trying out platform at the USMLE seek advice checking out engine that offers you a practical evaluate adventure and entirely prepares you for the exam.
Read or Download Rapid Review Physiology: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2e PDF
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Extra resources for Rapid Review Physiology: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access, 2e
Pacemaker activity Effects of SNS: þ chronotropy, þ dromotropy, þ inotropy, þ lusitropy Effects of PNS: À chronotropy, À dromotropy, À inotropy 24 Rapid Review Physiology TABLE 1-9. , heart transplant), but ability to exercise will be dependent on circulating catecholamines only Congestive heart failure SMOOTH MUSCLE Around hollow organs (gastrointestinal tract, airways, ureters) Small diameter No Yes No, actin inserts into dense bodies instead of Z disks Autonomic nervous system All or none Calcium-calmodulin–induced activation of myosin light-chain kinase Sarcoplasmic reticulum and extracellular fluid No Muscarinic receptors widely distributed along the cell surface Long duration Rhythmic fluctuations (slow waves), which give rise to spike potentials Functional syncytium, conducted through gap junctions Yes Still able to maintain tone CREST syndrome, achalasia, Chagas disease CREST, Calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia.
The nigrostriatal pathway: transmits dopamine from the substantia nigra of the midbrain to the striatum and is important in the control of voluntary movement • The mesolimbic pathway: dopaminergic transmission between the midbrain and the limbic system. , smiling, frowning). • The tuberoinfundibular pathway: dopaminergic transmission from the hypothalamus to the pituitary, where dopamine inhibits prolactin secretion Pharmacology note: Dopamine agonists such as bromocriptine are used clinically to treat prolactinomas, the most common type of secreting pituitary tumor; they are also the mainstay of treatment of Parkinson disease.
This results in a higher concentration of intracellular Kþ than extracellular Kþ and contributes to the negative RMP of cells (because there are more fixed anions than intracellular Kþ at the equilibrium potential for Kþ). 5. Naþ,Kþ-ATPase (sodium) pump • This pump maintains the concentration gradient for Naþ and Kþ across cell membranes. • Without it, Naþ and Kþ have a tendency to leak through channels in the membrane, resulting in a net influx of extracellular sodium and efflux of intracellular potassium down their respective concentration gradients.